Official Name. Languages Of South Africa . Of these Chadic languages predominate, with more than 700 languages. any formal context. The Hausa people are one of the largest ethnic groups found in Africa as well as Nigeria. The official language is English. Jos Nigeria in "Ngappak" journal of the Tarok Nation 2005, This page was last edited on 9 April 2021, at 20:55. [8] Mande is represented by the Busa cluster and Kyenga in the northwest. Semitic is represented by various dialects of Arabic spoken in the Northeast and Berber by the Tuareg-speaking communities in the extreme Northwest. We find that even a decade after decolonization in Nigeria, English continues to enjoy its especially primacy, in the formation of political and educational systems as a medium of instruction. English is the official language of our country. The Hausa language traditionally used the Arabic writing system, but in recent years the language has incorporated the use of the Latin alphabet. The Efik language is spoken across the coastal southeastern part of Nigeria and includes the dialects Ibibio, Annang, and Efik proper. Many Chadic languages are severely threatened; recent searches by Bernard Caron for Southern Bauchi languages show that even some of those recorded in the 1970s have disappeared. Thirty-one states have chosen to make it the official state language. Before adopting the language alongside independence, it had already twined its way into the hearts of Nigerians as the language of sophistication – people would act differently around a person who could speak English at even basic level. The English language was introduced in Nigeria by the British when the country was under British colonial rule. The official language of Nigeria, English, was chosen to facilitate the cultural and linguistic unity of the country post-colonization by the British. The policy pushes trilingualism in the direction of the quadrilingual as a language shift. English is that Language of unity that speakers of other indigenous languages do code-mix with in their speech. Hausa is the dominant language in the north. The Air Tamajeq lang… The Ijoid languages are spoken across the Niger Delta and include Ịjọ (Ijaw), Kalabari, and the intriguing remnant language Defaka. The most widely spoken include English, Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba. Weegy: English is the official language in Nigeria because Nigeria was once an English colony. Hausa is the official language of several states in Northern Nigeria and the most important dialect is generally regarded as that spoken in Kano, an Eastern Hausa dialect, which is the standard variety used for official purposes. NBTT Press. Recent opinion, however, has been to revert to Greenberg's distinction. And they speak their language whenever they find themselves. ), Kwache, Iliya Yame (2016) Kamwe People of Northern Nigeria :Origin, History and Culture. The Hausa language is the best known Chadic language in Nigeria; though there is a paucity of statistics on native speakers in Nigeria, the language is spoken by 24 million people in West Africa and is the second language of 15 million more. Hausa, one of Nigeria’s official languages, and a member of the Chadic branch of Afro-Asiatic family of languages is spoken by more than 50 million Africans as their first language. It is a binding entity for this diverse nation which prides itself as the giant of … Republic of Congo . A second language is one that comes after one’s primary language. Today, English has grown to become the official national language of Nigeria and continues to play important roles in the nation as the language of education, media, religion (especially the Pentecostal Christian faith), and the language of politics, governance and law. However, as a country colonized by the British, the first official language in Nigeria is English language. The answer to your question depends on the following: 1. The more historically recent standardization and romanization of Igbo have provoked even more controversy due to its dialectical diversity, but the Central Igbo dialect has gained the widest acceptance as the standard-bearer. According to the Ara n be crooner, Pidgin is spoken across Nigeria and can still be considered English Language, only with slight differences. Lamle, Elias Nankap, Coprreality and Dwelling spaces in Tarokland. There are two main languages under the larger Tamasheq language which include the Air Tamajeq language and the Tawellemmet language. Mr Godson Okoye, National Chairman, United Democratic Party (UDP), has advocated the adoption of ‘Pidgin English’ as Nigeria’s national language to promote unity in the country. By population, Nigeria is in first place in Africa, and in the eighth in the world. Igbo language proper, Ukwuani, Ikwerre, Ekpeye etc., Yoruboid, i.e. There are a number of phrases and words that are exclusive to Nigerian English. The Idoma language is classified in the Akweya subgroup of the Idomoid languages of the Volta–Niger family, which include Alago, Agatu, Etulo and Yala languages of Benue, Nasarawa and Northern Cross River states. Igbo words such as 'unu' for 'you people', 'sooso' for 'only', 'obia' for 'native doctoring', etc. The language is spoken primarily amongst Northern Nigerians and is often associated with Islamic culture in Nigeria and West Africa on the whole. The three major languages in Nigeria perform official functions side by side with the English language. Izarek, Fizere, Fezere, Feserek, Afizarek, Afizare, Afusare, Jari, Jarawa, Jarawan Dutse, Hill Jarawa, Jos-Zarazon. An "official language" is, often, a language of world communication. Maps. The most widely spoken native languages are Lingala and Kituba. Nigeria is a multilingual country comprises of different ethnic groups, which occupied geographically, a complicated landscape from its historic-cultural, political, economic and educational developments. An "official language" is, often, a language of world communication. The geographic distribution of Nigeria's Niger-Congo languages is not limited to the middle east and south-central Nigeria, as migration allows their spread to the linguistically Afro-Asiatic northern regions of Nigeria, as well as throughout West Africa and abroad. Rwanda . Book a Hotel. When applying for scholarships or Msc programmes abroad, you are always asked if English is your first Language. Today, English has grown to become the official national language of Nigeria and continues to play important roles in the nation as the language of education, media, religion (especially the Pentecostal Christian faith), and the language of politics, governance and law. Generally, English is the most popular language among Nigerians; and that’s because it is Nigeria’s official language. This is the situation in Nigeria and India, where English language is the official language and it dominates the other indigenous languages including the national languages. She asked where I had learned to speak English so well, and was confused when I said that Nigeria happened to have English as its official language. There is a variation of the English language that is also very common. Yorubaland includes among Ogun, Ondo, Kwara, Lagos, and western parts of Kogi States in Nigeria also parts of Benin and Togo. The language situation in Nigeria Today the English language could be named as one of the most widely used languages in the world. Official Language: English. The other form of sign language used in Nigeria is the Bura Sign Language which is also an indigenous form of sign language. Yoruba, Itsekiri and Igala, Akokoid (eight small languages in Ondo, Edo and Kogi state), Edoid including Edo (sometimes referred to as) Bini in Edo State, Ibibio-Efik, Idomoid (Idoma) and Nupoid (Nupe) and perhaps include the other languages mentioned above. Since the constitution evolved from colonisation, the English Language has been Nigeria’s official language. It unites the country, from the North to the East, West, and South. Yoruba is the second most popular language in Nigeria. Where the Nigerian lives. Still, English remains an exclusive preserve something that is protected, kept, maintained of a small minority of the country's urban elite of high birth or social position , and it is not spoken at all in some rural areas. In Nigeria, Hausa is an official language in Sokoto, Kaduna, Kano, and Bauchi States. It appears to be the second language in lots of countries. [7] Like the Adamawa and Bantu languages, Chadic branches are also referred to by lettered codes. English is the official language of Nigeria, but local languages, especially Hausa, Yoruba, and Igbo, are spoken not only in Nigeria, but also in other countries of the world. They are used in some cases for the conduct of business in the civil service, law, commerce and education and all other official domains. Yoruba also features many loan words from Arabic. local languages. Hausa is classified as a West Chadic language of the Chadic grouping, a major subfamily of Afroasiatic. Languages. The Hausa people make up around 25% of the population of Nigeria. Apart form those southwestern states, there are native Yoruba speakers in some north-central states, especially Kogi and Kwara. Nigeria also has several as-yet unclassified languages, such as Centúúm, which may represent a relic of an even greater diversity prior to the spread of the current language families.[6]. The English Language Is Used For Communication In Nigeria; As the official language in Nigeria, English is the acceptable medium of communication all over the country. Language in Nigeria. Official Language: French. It is the most common language in Nigeria. The country is also home to more than 520 languages, but there are many more languages which are yet to be classified. The language is categorized under the Berber language group of the Afro-Asiatic language family. Igbo is another regional language popularly used in Nigeria particularly in the … The median age in 2017 was 18.4 years. The Efik, Igbo, and Yoruba languages are notable examples of this process. A variation of English (Pidgin English) is also spoken. Hausa is a very atypical Chadic language, with a reduced tonal system and a phonology influenced by Arabic. In the East of Nigeria and on into Cameroon are the Central Chadic languages such as Bura, Kamwe and Margi. Nigeria is home to hundreds of indigenous languages. The official language in Nigeria is English. A second language is one that comes after one’s primary language. This was reversed in an influential 1989 publication and reflected on the 1992 map of languages, where all these were considered Benue–Congo. My American roommate was shocked by me. How Many Serial Killers Are On The Loose Today? The Nigerian Sign Language is the official national sign language used by the deaf residents of Nigeria. This means that the Nigeria official language is English. Mande languages are spoken in Kebbi State, Niger State, and Kwara State.[7]. Hausa. More than 24 million people in Nigeria use the Igbo language for daily communication. The number of users of the Hausa Sign Language is estimated to range from 70,000 people to about 5 million people in the country. English language is Nigeria’s ‘second’ language. Even the above listed linguistic diversity of the Niger–Congo in Nigeria is deceptively limiting, as these languages may further consist of regional dialects that may not be mutually intelligible. Some of the indigenous languages spoken in Nigeria include Tiv, Kanuri, and Fulfulde. The Afroasiatic languages of Nigeria is divided into Chadic, Semitic and Berber. by sirnicson(m): 7:23pm On Aug 29, 2015 I am confused if English is Nigeria's first language. Nigerian Language and Slang. English may not be the official language of the United States, but it is the most widely spoken language in the country, with Spanish as the second most common language. Scholars have identified five dominant roles of English and other mother tongues in Nigeria as: official, educational, mass media, religious regarded as the sole official language. 2 to 3 million each of Edo, Igala, Nupe, and Izon. Language data for Nigeria. There are over 525 native languages spoken in Nigeria. A profile of the languages in Nigeria. Bura Sign Language is used by members of the Bura ethnic group who reside in Kukurpu region of the country. Hausa is one of the regional languages used in Nigeria. The three major languages in Nigeria perform official functions side by side with the English language. Below is a list of major Niger–Congo branches and their primary locations based on Blench (2019). Although English is the official language of Nigeria, Hausa and Pidgin are the most widely spoken languages in practice. The sign language is an indigenous form and is widely used by the deaf members of the Hausa ethnic group residing in the city of Kano. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com, Presidents And Military Leaders Of Nigeria Since Independence, 10 Countries Where Women Far Outnumber Men, The Most Famous Serial Killers In America And Their Twisted Crimes. But there are hundreds of local languages. Nearly all languages appear in a Latin alphabet when written. These languages can be classified into two main language families: the Afro-Asiatic language family and the Niger-Congo language family. Federal Republic of Nigeria. Nigerian Sign Language is also used in Chad and the Republic of Congo. [3] Communication in the English language is much more popular in the country's urban communities than it is in the rural areas, due to globalization. 2. Compared to neighbouring languages around the South Eastern coast of Nigeria, the Efik language is blessed with language contact. Updated January 2018. Efik is the native language of the Efik people of Nigeria, where it is a national language. English is also incorporated into the education system of Nigeria as the medium of instruction. It is the language of the elites and also the first language for some Nigerians. In fact, with 529 different languages spoken within its borders, Nigeria is in the top ten of most linguistically diverse countries! The language has about 900,000 native languages in Niger. Status. Other well-known Chadic languages include Mupun, Ngas, Goemai, Mwaghavul, Bole, Ngizim, Bade and Bachama. In southwestern Nigeria, in the so-called Yorubaland, Yoruba is besides others the most commonly spoken language. Nigeria, country located on the western coast of Africa. As such some languages, particularly those with a large number of speakers, have been standardized and received a romanized orthography. The Yoruba language is spoken by around 18.9 million Nigerians. User: Why is English the official language in Nigeria? The single Gur language spoken is Baatọnun, in the extreme Northwest. For instance, English, Hausa, Igbo, Yoruba are allowed for conduct of legislative functions in Some hausa fulani people would even call English language bastard. It is the native language of the Yoruba people, a people native to West Africa. In the context of Nigeria, Hausa, lbo and Yoruba are. 4. Well in nothern Nigeria hausa is their official language. The Afroasiatic languages of Nigeria is divided into Chadic, Semitic and Berber. Nigeria/Official languages It is the most widely spoken language, although English is the official language of Nigeria. Since the constitution evolved from colonisation, the English Language has been Nigeria’s official language. The official language of Nigeria is English. SOMETIMES I wonder if Nigerians are aware that the English language is not the only official language of our country Nigeria. Around 42.5% of the population were 14 years or younger, 19.6% were aged 15–24, 30.7% were aged 25–54, 4.0% aged 55–64, and 3.1% aged 65 years or older. - Another alternative: "Yoruba, Igbo, Hausa" as official languages and English as secondary language. Let’s take a look at the major indigenous languages spoken in the country. The origin of English language in Nigeria is connected with the colonial period. As of 2017, the population stood at 191 million. Igbo. They are, according to folklore, believed to be descendants of Oduduwa, the son of Olodumare (God). It is known as Pidgin English and it cuts across tribe and location all through Nigeria. Niger–Congo predominates in the Central, East and Southern areas of Nigeria; the main branches represented in Nigeria are Mande, Atlantic, Gur, Kwa, Benue–Congo and Adamawa–Ubangi. Ironically, it is also Nigeria’s dominant language, with the use of English being taught at various levels of the Nigerian educational system – Pre-Nursery schools, Nursery schools, Primary schools, Secondary schools and Tertiary institutions of learning. It is the official language of Cross River State. Culturally the Hausa people became closely integrated with the Fulani following the establishment of the Sokoto Caliphate by the Fulani Uthman dan Fodio in the 19th century. The use of the language is also propagated by local media as well as international media such as Deutsche Welle, Voice of America as well The BBC. [1][2] The official language of Nigeria is English, the language of former colonial British Nigeria. Many such as Chinua Achebe have dismissed standardization as colonial and conservative attempts to simplify a complex mosaic of languages. English is the official language of Nigeria. This is the situation in Nigeria and India, where English language is the official language and it dominates the other indigenous languages including the national languages. Let me expatiate. However, the language is only predominantly used among the residents of the urban regions of the country. Your definition of the term 'speak English'. The Yoruba language is a member of the Niger-Congo family. Meanwhile, the three major local … It is also spoken in countries including Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, CAR, Chad, Congo, Eritrea, Germany, Ghana, Niger, Sudan, Togo and a lot of North Africa. See language lists, maps, statistics, and more. Niger has 11 official languages, with French being the official language and Hausa the most … Fulfulde is the single Atlantic language, of Senegambian origin but now spoken by cattle pastoralists across the Sahel and largely in the northeastern states of Nigeria, especially Adamawa. The three main Nigerian languages are Yoruba, Ibo (also spelt Igbo) and Hausa; another 400 languages are also spoken in the country. South Africa is a diverse nation with a population of over 55 million comprising of people different languages, origins, cultures, and religious practices. However unknown Chadic languages are still being reported, such as the recent description of Dyarim. English is the''Official'' language, Hausa, Yoruba and Igbo are legal Nigeria's languages to be used officially in schools but the status of English as the official language, … Most spoken languages in Nigeria 1. Igbo. ACHPR (1983), CDE (1969), CPPDCE (2008), CSICH (2005), ICCPR (1993), UNCRPD (2010), UNDRIP (2007) It is the most widely spoken language, although English is the official language of Nigeria. Since Standard Yoruba's constitution was determined by a single author rather than by a consensual linguistic policy by all speakers, the Standard has been attacked regarding for failing to include other dialects and spurred debate as to what demarcates "genuine Yoruba". The language is used for all formal communication in government and is also the language used in the drafting of legislations as well as in the Nigerian judicial system. Nigeria is a country which is so diversified that there are over 100 languages spoken around the country. Ajuah, Ajure, Adaa, Adara, Azuwa, Ajuwa, Azuwa, Borno, Kaduna, Adamawa, Kano, Niger, Jigawa, Plateau, Taraba, Yobe, Bauchi, Plateau, Kaduna, Abuja, Niger, Kogi, Kwara, Lagos, Ogun, Ondo, Oyo, Osun, Ekiti, Kogi, Dyerma, Dyarma, Dyabarma, Zabarma, Adzerma, Djerma, Zarbarma, Zerma, Zarmawa, Blench, Roger (1998) 'The Status of the Languages of Central Nigeria', in Brenzinger, M. Hausa is made up of numerous geographically defined dialects, but only the Dauranchi and the Kananci dialects are recognized as the standard dialect of the language. The three main Nigerian languages are Yoruba, Ibo (also spelt Igbo) and Hausa; another 400 languages are also spoken in the country. Score 1 User: The majority of people in East Africa are either : Christian or Muslim.Animist or Christian. This article examines the role of English in Nigeria as a medium of communication, political activities-social and academic guidance from its historical perspective, and the duration of gradual transition to the present status of bilingualism and its democratization of language in conformity with national unification. - Having English as official language is a sign of mental submission to the white man and this should be changed immediately - with increasing confidence by the black man comes more power on the global scene. However, as a country colonized by the British, the first official language in Nigeria is English language. [5] Nigeria's linguistic diversity is a microcosm of much of Africa as a whole, and the country contains languages from the three major African language families: Afroasiatic, Nilo-Saharan and Niger–Congo. Katsina is transitional between Eastern and Western dialects. The capital is Abuja. However, there are some cases where more than one language enjoys the status of official language. The major languages spoken in Nigeria are Yoruba, Hausa, Igbo, Fulfulde, Kanuri, and Ibibio. The classification of the remaining languages is controversial; Joseph Greenberg classified those without noun-classes, such as Yoruba, Igbo, and Ibibio (Efik, Ibibio, and Annang), as 'Eastern Kwa' and those with classes as 'Benue–Congo'. One of the most spoken languages in Nigeria is Kanuri. However the modern official orthography is now a romanization known as boko introduced by the British regime in the 1930s. Igbo is one of the most popular languages in Nigeria with an estimated 24 million native speakers, the majority of whom are members of the Igbo ethnic group. In addition to English, Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo, Fula, and English Creole are … These include Mambiloid, Ekoid, Bendi, Beboid, Grassfields and Tivoid languages. Other speakers see Pidgin English as lingua franca in Nigeria. https://www.pangea.global/blog/10-most-popular-african-languages through its ‘‘official language" status. For Nigeria to remain truly independent and shake the last vestige of colonialism, it has to discard the English language as the official language of the country.English, being the official language, is widely used for education, business transactions and for official purposes. In Nigeria, the Nilo-Saharan language family is represented by: This is a non-exhaustive list of languages in Nigeria. Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa with over 186 million residents. Hausa has therefore emerged as lingua franca throughout much of West Africa, and the Sahel in particular. 3. This is the first African language in Print in Africa beginning in 1862. Years later, I thought about this when I left Nigeria to go to university in the United States. Standard Yoruba came into being due to the work Samuel Crowther, the first African bishop of the Anglican Church and owes most of its lexicon to the dialects spoken in Ọyọ and Ibadan. Adekanmbi says that language experts believe linguistic diversity can benefit a country greatly as it can lead to better communication on … I wonder how many … Also worthy of note is the Enuani dialect, a variation of the Igbo that is spoken among parts of Anioma. The English spoken in Nigeria is a unique known as Nigerian English. Language in Nigeria. English is the official language in Nigeria. The Hausa Sign Language is the other form of sign language used in Nigeria. [ It also acts as a common language in a country where over 500 other languages are spoken. ] regarded as national languages, while English is. English (especially the variety known as Nigerian Pidgin English) functions as a lingua franca in this multilingual country. 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